Brahman Hill

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Also known as

  • Khas Brahmin

Khas Bahun is the colloquial Nepali term for a member of the hill/mountain Brahmin caste, the traditional caste of educators, scholars and priests in Hinduism. By tradition and even according to civil law until about 1960 it was the highest of four Hindu varna or castes, however Nepal's present constitution rejects such hierarchical categorizations. According to Nepal's foremost historian Baburam Acharya and Professor Suryamani Adhikary(Tribhuvan University) almost all of the Bahuns are Khas descendents,i.e.a Nepalese bahun's race is Khas,and Caste is brahmin(other castes of Khas people being Chhettri, Sanyasi and dalit).

Exclusive of indigenous "janajati" ethnic groups (Newar, Magar, Gurung, Tamang, Rai, Limbu and similar) in the Middle Hills, Bahuns comprise about 31% of the Hindu population. The second Chhetri or Kshatriya caste comprises another 42% (including Thakuri). Service castes (blacksmiths, tailors, musicians, tanners and cobblers, sweepers and goldsmiths) make up only 27%. This distribution is far more biased toward upper castes than with Hindu populations in Nepal's Terai plains and in adjacent parts of India.

The English word brahmin is an anglicised form of the Sanskrit word Brāhmaṇa, "having to do with Brahman (Sanskrit: ब्रह्म) or divine knowledge". Bahuns are also called Brahmins, Vipra "learned", or Dvija "twice-born".

In Buddhist sources written in Pali and Prakrit, including Ashokan inscriptions, they are also called Babhans which is the Pali word for Bahuns.

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